You can combine your studies with full-time, paid work at top local and international organizations. Honours No You can study intense specialization in a single field. Gender, race, sexuality and social justice is an exciting interdisciplinary field of study that also draws upon several traditional disciplines. It has its own texts, journals, and methodologies.
Explain the importance of racial and gender diversity in mass media. Identify the ethical concerns associated with race and gender stereotypes. List some common concerns about sexual content in the media. In the competitive and rapidly changing world of mass-media communications, media professionals—overcome by deadlines, bottom-line imperatives, and corporate interests—can easily lose sight of the ethical implications of their work.
Census statistics from Yet in network television broadcasts, major publications, and other forms of mass media and entertainment, minorities are often either absent or presented as heavily stereotyped, two-dimensional characters.
Rarely are minorities depicted as complex characters with the full range of human emotions, motivations, and behaviors.
Meanwhile, the stereotyping of women, gays and lesbians, and individuals with disabilities in mass media has also been a source of concern. The word stereotype originated in the printing industry as a method of making identical copies, and the practice of stereotyping people is much the same: In American mass media, the White man is still shown as the standard: White maleness becomes an invisible category because it gives the impression of being the norm Hearne.
Minority Exclusion and Stereotypes In the fall ofwhen the major television networks released their schedules for the upcoming programming season, a startling trend became clear.
Of the 26 newly released TV programs, none depicted an African American in a leading role, and even the secondary roles on these shows included almost no racial minorities. Pressured—and embarrassed—into action, the executives from the major networks made a fast dash to add racial minorities to their prime-time shows, not only among actors, but also among producers, writers, and directors.
Despite these changes and greater public attention regarding diversity issues, minority underrepresentation is still an issue in all areas of mass media. In fact, the trend in recent years has been regressive. In a recent study, the NAACP reported that the number of minority actors on network television has actually decreased, from during the — season to four years later WWAY, Racial minorities are often absent, peripheral, or take on stereotyped roles in film, television, print media, advertising, and even in video games.
Additionally, according to a study by the University of California, Los Angeles, the problem is not only a visible one, but also one that extends behind the scenes. The study found that minorities are even more underrepresented in creative and decision-making positions than they are on screen Media Awareness Network, This lack of representation among producers, writers, and directors often directly affects the way minorities are portrayed in film and television, leading to racial stereotypes.
Though advocacy groups like the NCLR and the NAACP have often been at the forefront of protests against minority stereotypes in the media, experts are quick to point out that the issue is one everyone should be concerned about. As media ethicist Leonard M. Inafter hundreds of complaints by African Americans that they were unable to get taxis to pick them up, the city of New York launched a crackdown, threatening to revoke the licenses of cab drivers who refused to stop for African American customers.
When interviewed by reporters, many cab drivers blamed their actions on fears they would be robbed or asked to drive to dangerous neighborhoods. Journalists, editors, and reporters are still predominately White. According to a survey, only The situation has not improved dramatically during the past decade.
According to a newsroom census released by the American Society of Newspaper Editors, the percentage of minority journalists working at daily newspapers was a scant Because of this underrepresentation behind the scenes, the news media is led by those whose perspective is already privileged, who create the narratives about those without privilege.
In the news media, racial minorities are often cast in the role of villains or troublemakers, which in turn shapes public perceptions about these groups. However, progress has been slow. ASNE has set as a target date to have minority representation in newsrooms match U.
In fact, 45 percent of ethnic-minority adults prefer these niche media sources to mainstream television, radio programs, and newspapers.
Whitehouse, These sources cover stories about racial minorities that are generally ignored by the mainstream press and offer ethnic-minority perspectives on more widely covered issues in the news State of the Media, Entertainment channels like BET a hour cable television station that offers music videos, dramas featuring predominately Black casts, and other original programming created by African Americans provide the diverse programming that mainstream TV networks often drop Zellars, Print sources like Vista, a bilingual magazine targeting U.
Hispanics, and Vivid, the most widely circulated African American periodical, appeal to ethnic minority groups because they are controlled and created by individuals within these groups.
Though some criticize ethnic niche media, claiming that they erode common ground or, in some instances, perpetuate stereotypes, the popularity of these media has only grown in recent years and will likely continue in the absence of more diverse perspectives in mainstream media sources Tran; Flint, Femininity in Mass Media In the ABC sitcom The Donna Reed Show —actress Donna Reed plays a stay-at-home mother who fills her days with housework, cooking for her husband and children, decorating, and participating in community organizations, all while wearing pearls, heels, and stylish dresses.
Such a traditional portrayal of femininity no doubt sounds dated to modern audiences, but stereotyped gender roles continue to thrive in the mass media.
Women are still often represented as subordinate to their male counterparts—emotional, noncompetitive, domestic, and sweet natured. In contrast to these types, other women are represented as unattractively masculine, crazy, or cruel.
In TV dramas and sitcoms, women continue to fill traditional roles such as mothers, nurses, secretaries, and housewives.It is also important to note that gender analysis of minority sub-groups is an essential element of socio-economic analysis which provides information on gender, and its relationship with ethnicity, culture, race and/or other status.
To explore Gender Roles we will be doing a series that will focus on four areas of gender performativity: School, Toys, Clothes/Beauty and Sports. The series will be in this order: Female Toys, Male Toys, Female Academics/School, Male Academics/School, Female Sports, Male Sports, Female Clothes/Beauty and end with Male Clothes/Beauty.
Gender roles play an important role in shaping the way we think about others in society. Typically, the characterization of women as being ‘weak’ has prevailed in many different facets of women’s lives.4/5(12). The social construction of gender is a notion in feminism and sociology about the operation of gender and gender differences in societies.
According to this view, society and culture create gender roles, and these roles are prescribed as ideal or appropriate behavior for a person of that specific sex.
of gender roles across different minority groups. It is also important to note that gender analysis of minority sub-groups is an essential element of socio-economic analysis which provides information on gender, and its relationship with ethnicity, culture, race and/or other status. Introduction to Gender, Sex, and Sexuality When Harry was born, his parents, Steve and Barb, were delighted to add another boy to their family.
But as their baby boy began to grow and develop, they noticed that Harry began to express himself in a manner that they viewed as .