He received a Ph. Although Du Bois took an advanced degree in history, he was broadly trained in the social sciences; and, at a time when sociologists were theorizing about race relations, he was conducting empirical inquiries into the condition of blacks. For more than a decade he devoted himself to sociological investigations of blacks in America, producing 16 research monographs published between and at Atlanta University in Georgiawhere he was a professor, as well as The Philadelphia Negro:
The American South remained one of the last vestiges of Western slavery inyet within the span of a decade its slaves would be freed and obtain not only the right to vote, but would hold political office. The Civil War resulted in a pitched battle to determine the future course of American politics and society, a battle that continues to reverberate today.
Written inBlack Reconstruction literally rewrote the official history of the Civil War and Reconstruction eras. Prior to Du Bois, it was commonly accepted that the Civil War was a tragic conflict that set brother against brother, with the generic slaves acting merely as an historical backdrop.
All Negroes were ignorant; All Negroes were lazy, dishonest, and extravagant; Negroes were responsible for bad government during Reconstruction.
This alone would be a seminal achievement, but Du Bois made a more lasting contribution to history and politics that makes Black Reconstruction useful as a political tool today.
Du Bois was not simply interested in writing a history book—a fact that meant the book was much maligned when first published. Du Bois was castigated for failing to use archival resources, an impossibility for a Black historian studying the South where Jim Crow segregation made such research utopian.
In Black Reconstruction, Du Bois has written a history that utilizes Marxism as a political framework for understanding and explaining the history of Black oppression within the United States. Moreover, in total command of Marxist dialectics, Du Bois connected the oppression and exploitation of Black slaves and then Black freedmen to the development of U.
It was thus the black worker, as founding stone of a new economic system in the nineteenth century and for the modern world, who brought civil war in America.
He was its underlying cause, in spite of every effort to base the strife upon union and national power.
That dark and vast sea of human labor in China and India, the South Seas and all Africa; in the West Indies and Central America and in the United States—that great majority of mankind, on whose bent and broken backs rest today the founding stones of modern industry—shares a common destiny.
All these are gathered up at prices lowest of the low, manufactured, transformed, and transported at fabulous gain; and the resultant wealth is distributed and displayed and made the basis of world power…. Out of the exploitation of the dark proletariat comes the Surplus Value filched from human beasts….
The emancipation of man is the emancipation of labor and the emancipation of labor is the freeing of that basic majority of workers who are yellow, brown and black. In this regard, it is important to read Black Reconstruction for two reasons. First, it is a fascinating history whose contribution is now easily taken for granted.
At the time, however, it was largely ignored. However, to get the full intention of Du Bois requires closer reading. His clarity on the dialectic of race and class in capitalist economy is unmatched. He sees clearly that the context for the development of the vitriolic racism that then underpinned all of American politics was the scramble for unprecedented wealth.
They did not know that when they let the dictatorship of labor be overthrown in the South they surrendered the hope of democracy in America for all men.
The espousal of the doctrine of Negro inferiority by the South was primarily because of economic motives and the inter-connected political urge necessary to support slave industry…. The South could say that the Negro, even when brought into modern civilization, could not be civilized, and that, therefore, he and the other colored peoples of the world were so far inferior to the whites that the white world had a right to rule mankind for their own selfish interests.
The resulting color caste founded and retained by capitalism was adopted…and approved by white labor. Or what is it ye buy so dear With your pain and with your fear?
The seed ye sow, another reaps; The wealth ye find, another keeps; The robes ye weave, another wears; The arms ye forge, another bears. To insist on the centrality of class as the main divide in capitalist society does not diminish the myriad ways in which racism distorts, confines, and undermines the lives of those devastated by racial oppression.
Insofar as class exists, it is seen as no more or less important than any other oppression. Whiteness theory focuses on what the defeat of Reconstruction meant for African Americans—second-class citizenship, abject poverty, and racial terrorism at the hands of the Ku Klux Klan. But the defeat of Reconstruction was not a foregone conclusion.
The revolutionary nature of the Civil War created a world of possibilities that could only be determined by the actions of those involved.A Note and a disclaimer.
vetconnexx.com: Dark Princess (The Oxford W. E. B. Du Bois): A Romance (): W. E. B. Du Bois, Henry Louis Gates, Homi Bhabha: Books. William Edward Burghardt DuBois was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, on February 23, Born to Alfred and Mary DuBois, he was an only child. In his early childhood his parents separated, and he remained with his mother until her death in Yesterday I shared a brief passage from W.E.B. DuBois on Confederate vetconnexx.com is an short essay from DuBois on Robert E. Lee’s legacy published in Source: The Crisis, March , v, n.3 [found in the “Postscript” section].
The Note: This great book should really be read by vetconnexx.com is difficult to describe why it so great because it both teaches and inspires. You really just have to read it. A Note and a disclaimer. The Note: This great book should really be read by vetconnexx.com is difficult to describe why it so great because it both teaches and .
William Edward Burghardt DuBois was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, on February 23, Born to Alfred and Mary DuBois, he was an only child. In his early childhood his parents separated, and he remained with his mother until her death in Socialist, Marxist and Communist Indoctrination School kids are being prepared for a socialist world government (under the United Nations), to which most public school teachers would not object.
Collectivism is a cultural value that is characterized by emphasis on cohesiveness among individuals and prioritization of the group over self. Individuals or groups that subscribe to a collectivistic worldview tend to find common values and goals as particularly salient and demonstrate greater orientation toward in-group than toward out-group.
The term “in-group” is thought to be more. Yesterday I shared a brief passage from W.E.B. DuBois on Confederate monuments. Below is an short essay from DuBois on Robert E. Lee’s legacy published in