Governor Karyn Polito said.
Showing Students the Appeal of a Subject Intrinsic Motivation Intrinsic motivators include fascination with the subject, a sense of its relevance to life and the world, a sense of accomplishment in mastering it, and a sense of calling to it. Students who are intrinsically motivated might say things like the following.
Intrinsic motivation can be long-lasting and self-sustaining. Efforts to build this kind of motivation are also typically efforts at promoting student learning.
Such efforts often focus on the subject rather than rewards or punishments. On the other hand, efforts at fostering intrinsic motivation can be slow to affect behavior and can require special and lengthy preparation. Students are individuals, so a variety of approaches may be needed to motivate different students.
Also, it helps if the instructor is interested in the subject to begin with! Extrinsic Motivation Extrinsic motivators include parental expectations, expectations of other trusted role models, earning potential of a course of study, and grades which keep scholarships coming.
Students who are extrinsically motivated might say things like the following. Extrinsic motivators more readily produce behavior changes and typically involve relatively little effort or preparation.
Also, efforts at applying extrinsic motivators often do not require extensive knowledge of individual students.
On the other hand, extrinsic motivators can often distract students from learning the subject at hand. It can be challenging to devise appropriate rewards and punishments for student behaviors.
Often, one needs to escalate the rewards and punishments over time to maintain a certain effect level. Also, extrinsic motivators typically do not work over the long term. Once the rewards or punishments are removed, students lose their motivation.
In one series of experiments, psychologist Edward Deci had two groups of college students play with a puzzle called Soma. He found that the group that was paid to solve puzzles stopped solving puzzles as soon as the experiment—and the payment—ended.
They had found the puzzles intrinsically interesting. Deci argued that the group that had been paid to solve puzzles might have found the puzzles intrinsically interesting as well, but the extrinsic, monetary reward had reduced their intrinsic interest.
Effects of Motivation on Learning Styles Deep learners respond well to the challenge of mastering a difficult and complex subject. These are intrinsically motivated students who are often a joy to teach! Strategic learners are motivated primarily by rewards.
They react well to competition and the opportunity to best others. Handle strategic learners by avoiding appeals to competition. Appeal to their intrinsic interest in the subject at hand. Design your assignments tests, papers, projects, etc.
Do so by requiring students to apply, synthesize, or evaluate material instead of merely comprehending or memorizing material. Surface learners are often motivated by a desire to avoid failure. They typically avoid deep learning because it they see it as inherently risky behavior.
Handle surface learners by helping them gain confidence in their abilities to learn and perform. If so, the student engages in the activity. If the student perceives the activity as stimulating and controllable, then the student tentatively labels the activity as interesting and engages in it.
If either condition becomes insufficient, then the student disengages from the activity—unless some extrinsic motivator influences the student to continue. If the activity is repeatedly deemed stimulating and controllable, then the student may deem the activity interesting.
Then the student will be more likely to engage in the activity in the future. If over time activities that are deemed interesting provide little stimulation or control, then the student will remove the activity from his or her mental list of interesting activities.
The challenge, then, is to provide teaching and learning activities that are both stimulating and offer students a degree of personal control. Strategies for Motivating Students Following are some research-based strategies for motivating students to learn.
Become a role model for student interest.We know intuitively that these highly effective teachers can have an enriching effect on the daily lives of children and their lifelong educational and career aspirations.
Mirella and Charlene are teachers and education consultants who met in , growing close over a shared love of Ellen Degeneres and The West Wing.
Teachers and School Students about Learning: a university/school collaborative research project some students’ efforts to ask for help resulted in negative labels from some intention of improving communication between teachers and students.
Efforts of Teachers in improving Students’ achievement in Teaching Learning Process A. Introduction Education is basically an interaction between educators with learners, to achieve the goals of education that took place in a particular environment.
Improving Educational Outcomes: How State Policy lead teachers and students in meeting those standards. Several states have implemented the short- and information to the task of improving the performance of teachers and principals.
In previous attempts to. A study of classroom deliberations in four high schools shows what can go wrong when teachers neglect to prepare students to argue in a civil manner.