Departure[ edit ] The Call to Adventure[ edit ] The hero begins in a situation of normality from which some information is received that acts as a call to head off into the unknown.
Comparison of Aeneas and Odysseus: English Comparison of Aeneas and Odysseus: Some have even gone so far as to claim it is the greatest empire in the history of mankind.
The Romans were unbelievably patriotic, and proud of their vast empire. This inevitably led them to compare themselves to those that had come before. As a writer in this time, Virgil was not immune to Roman patriotism.
In his Aeneid, Virgil highlights the comparison between the Romans and their cultural predecessors, the Greeks. He draws literary parallels to Homer to emphasize his point.
The characters of Aeneas and Odysseus are microcosms of their respective cultures. Through a comparison of the hero Aeneas to the hero Odysseus, Virgil shows that the Romans are the superior culture. However, throughout their journeys the actions of the two heroes are vastly different.
Aeneas embodies the Roman value of duty. He is given a task by the Gods, told directly by Mercury: Odysseus, on the other hand, is not driven by any sense of duty.
He leaves Troy to return home to Ithaca, yet does not reach his destination for 10 years. Even when he does arrive, he does so without any of his original crew.
Odysseus is driven purely by self-interest, and often abandons those he is indebted to and responsible for. He strays multiple times from his path: Odysseus only returns to Ithaca and his wife at the order of the Gods, when he has had his fill of bliss with Calypso.
Virgil takes these two concepts and combines them in the Aeneid, which is a journey followed by a war.
Aeneas fights for the future, to create an empire for his son and to continue the legacy of Troy. AAeneas fights for a purpose greater than himself. AAeneas knows that his battles are meant to benefit others, and he accepts this and fights harder for it.
Unlike Aeneas, Odysseus fights for himself, to satisfy his own self-interest. Throughout his journey Odysseus purposefully involves himself in conflict in order to achieve glory for himself.
On the island of the Cyclops, Odysseus could have avoided conflict with Polyphemos, and the eventual vengeance of Poseidon, had he not been so focussed on personal glory. There will be killing till the score is paid.Calypso and Odysseus in Ogygia. Calypso lived in Ogygia, where she was ousted as a prisoner because she supported her father in the battles between Titans and vetconnexx.com the island was is still unknown, and there are many versions of its possible location.
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Apology by Plato, part of the Internet Classics Archive.