Literary Periods understanding literary periods Literary periods figure prominently in the treatment of literature by critics, scholars, teachers, publishers, readers, book sellers, and others. There is a great deal of misunderstanding, confusion, ambiguity, and disagreement about the way terms are used and works classified with respect to time. Here, The Muse attempts to clear up some of this confusion. The conceptual connections between literary periods, sub-periods, and schemas are implicit in their definitions:
Literary genre and List of literary genres A literary genre is a category of literary composition. Genres may be determined by literary techniquetonecontentor even as in the case of fiction length. They also must not be confused with format, such as graphic novel or picture book.
The distinctions between genres and categories are flexible and loosely defined, often with subgroups. The most general genres in literature are in loose chronological order epictragedy comedynoveland short story.
They can all be in the genres prose or poetrywhich shows best how loosely genres are defined. Additionally, a genre such as satire might appear in any of the above, not only as a subgenre but as a mixture of genres.
Finally, they are defined by the general cultural movement of the historical period in which they were composed. In popular fictionwhich is especially divided by genres, genre fiction is the more usual term.
In literaturegenre has been known as an intangible taxonomy. This taxonomy implies a concept of containment or that an idea will be stable forever. The earliest recorded systems of genre in Western history can be traced back to Plato and Aristotle.
Lyric poetrythe fourth and final type of Greek literaturewas excluded by Plato as a non-mimetic mode. Essentially, the three categories of mode, object, and medium can be visualized along an XYZ axis.
Genette continues by explaining the later integration of lyric poetry into the classical system during the romantic periodreplacing the now removed pure narrative mode. Lyric poetry, once considered non-mimetic, was deemed to imitate feelings, becoming the third leg of a new tripartite system: This system, which came to "dominate all the literary theory of German romanticism and therefore well beyond …" 38has seen numerous attempts at expansion or revision.
However, more ambitious efforts to expand the tripartite system resulted in new taxonomic systems of increasing scope and complexity.
Genette reflects upon these various systems, comparing them to the original tripartite arrangement: Taxonomy allows for a structured classification system of genre, as opposed to a more contemporary rhetorical model of genre. Film genre The basic genres of film can be regarded as drama, in the feature film and most cartoonsand documentary.
Most dramatic feature films, especially from Hollywood fall fairly comfortably into one of a long list of film genres such as the Westernwar filmhorror filmromantic comedy filmmusicalcrime filmand many others. Many of these genres have a number of subgenres, for example by setting or subject, or a distinctive national style, for example in the Indian Bollywood musical.
Music genre A music genre is a conventional category that identifies pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. The term is now perhaps over-used to describe relatively small differences in musical style in modern rock musicthat also may reflect sociological differences in their audiences.
The artistic nature of music means that these classifications are often arbitrary and controversial, and some genres may overlap. There are several academic approaches to genres.
Green lists madrigalmotetcanzonaricercarand dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, and that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can also differentiate between genres.
Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will often include a wide variety of subgenres. Several music scholars have criticised the priority accorded to genre-based communities and listening practices.
For example, Laurie argues that "music genres do not belong to isolated, self-sufficient communities. People constantly move between environments where diverse forms of music are heard, advertised and accessorised with distinctive iconographies, narratives and celebrity identities that also touch on non-musical worlds.
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May Learn how and when to remove this template message The concept of genre is often applied, sometimes rather loosely, to other media with an artistic element, such as video game genres.
Genre, and numerous minutely divided subgenres, affect popular culture very significantly, not least as they are used to classify it for publicity purposes.An archetype is a reference to a concept, a person or an object that has served as a prototype of its kind and is the original idea that has come to be used over and over again.
New Criticism. A literary movement that started in the late s and s and originated in reaction to traditional criticism that new critics saw as largely concerned with matters extraneous to the text, e.g., with the biography or psychology of the author or the work's relationship to literary history.
Video: Literary Genres: Definition, Types, Characteristics & Examples In this lesson, you will learn what is meant by the term genre. In addition, the main types of literary .
English Literature Glossary of Literary Terms. This is a reprint from The Essentials of Literature in English PostWords in bold within the text indicate terms cross-referenced to . A cookie is a small text file created by a website and stored on your computer.
Cookies help websites to function correctly and can identify users to provide a more personalised experience. Literary Theory "Literary theory" is the body of ideas and methods we use in the practical reading of literature.
By literary theory we refer not to the meaning of a work of literature but to the theories that reveal what literature can mean.