Today the state has emerged as an active participant in the process of economic development in many ways. The doctrine of laissez-faire in dead. Now the government has started participating increasingly in the productive activities and through its monetary and fiscal policies are guiding the direction of economic activities.
However, proposed cuts to federal support and policy guidance could encourage more state governments to take on new or larger roles in developing innovation policy priorities. Speakers also discussed the ways in which economic development efforts in states and regions drive innovation and economic growth.
He opened by describing how states are more important now than any other time he can remember during his time working in state policy.
According to Pattison, the main question states are asking is: How can we prepare our workforce and our economy—our citizens and our society—for unprecedented change? By his observations, governors and research universities are recognizing that they must address the skills gap together, regardless of political affiliation.
States also have the desire to work regionally. At an energy summit we held in Colorado recently, governors of both parties from across the west announced a pact to ensure there are enough charging stations for electric vehicles throughout the region.
And now nearly every governor has joined a pact to fight opioid addiction together. Similar interest is coming from governors and subnational leaders in other countries. States and local government agencies retain vast amounts of data on residents, and critical services depend on digital systems.
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The National Academies Press. For example, how can ridesharing apps help women get to prenatal care appointments—potentially reducing the likelihood that babies are born prematurely—and thereby help reduce Medicaid expenditures on neonatal care?
State policymakers need to feel like they are part of collaborative dialogue when it comes to solving policy issues related to research and innovation. More people and more public universities are competing for a piece of public funding. Increasingly, the notion of sustainable development will be the widely used lens through which we view investment decisions and priorities.
Those states will do best that choose to use existing resources more effectively. This is more than a fad or an ideology. Flexibility, efficiency, timeliness, and responsiveness to customers or citizens—all of these become drivers for this shift, which is enabled by rapidly evolving technology.
States must invest in centers of excellence that can command international respect and attract international investment.
For states, it is important to encourage radical changes in institutional behavior, from regulation to partnership, in order to put a premium on timely responses and transparent conduct. Social issues—poverty, juvenile violence, the opioid epidemic, aging—press for attention alongside a healthy environment and a vital economy and cry out for insights from science.The Role of Local Government in Economic Development Local Government in Economic Development Survey Findings from North Carolina Jonathan Q.
Morgan. ful to know what local governments do to achieve economic development in a state like North Carolina, where options are. Economic development practitioners generally work in public offices on the state, regional, or municipal level, or in public–private partnerships organizations that may be partially funded by local, regional, state, or federal tax money.
The Role of State Governments in Economic Development and R&D Competitiveness: Proceedings of a Workshop–in Brief. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / The role of state in economic development is enormous not only as regulator but also in law enforcement, the provision of education, adequate infrastructure until on health.
The achievement of all the government's role in economic development is depends on the readiness and the government itself. Based on his research and on his first-hand engagement with development challenges and processes, Professor Mushtaq Khan discussed the role of the state in economic development, and the potential and risks involved in pursuing more state-led policies.
Download a PDF of "The Role of State Governments in Economic Development and R&D Competitiveness" by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine for free.