Home 5 Naturalistic Observation Strengths and Weaknesses 5 Naturalistic Observation Strengths and Weaknesses Psychologists and other social scientists make use of the naturalistic observation research method to observe subjects in their natural environment.
Tweet on Twitter Naturalistic observation is a type of research method that scientists use to collect data and information about different types of things.
What it means is that the subject s are observed, unknowingly, in their natural environment. Their behaviors and reactions to things are perceived as genuine and not manipulated, unlike many other types of research methods where the subject is aware that they are being examined.
The Advantages of Naturalistic Observation 1. Natural Behaviors When there is no influence on the behaviors of the subject, the data collected is much more genuine.
People show their true feelings, reactions, and behaviors when they are not being examined or watched. Aids In Research Validation Often times, naturalistic observation is used to validate results from experiments that have already been done. They help to confirm or disprove this data because it gives a truly accurate account of results.
This is a type of view that is much more difficult, or nearly impossible, to get with other types of experiments and observations that can be done.
Allows You To Study Unethical Topics There are many things that need to be studied in depth in order for us to understand them better. However, not all circumstances are fit for throwing people into a scientific study of their behaviors or emotions.
One good example of this would be the effects that school shootings have on students at the school. Naturalistic observation allows researchers to gather valuable data, without interrupting the emotional well being of the subject.
The Disadvantages of Naturalistic Observation 1. Outside Influences When conduction a naturalistic observation you have almost no control over the influences around you subject. These interferences could easily impact the results of the test and render it useless.
Difference of Opinion Everyone looks at things different, and this includes researchers and scientists. Two people can observe the same subject do the same exact thing, and yet they may draw two very different conclusions from the actions or behaviors.
This bias is the biggest things that critics of naturalistic observations argue. Difficult To Keep It Natural As you would imagine, it can be difficult to conduct an examination or experiment on a person without their knowing.
You would often have to be at such a distance that you may not get the full scope of what is happening or the behaviors that are being exhibited. Can Take A Long Time In order to draw true results, you have to observe the same subject doing the same thing for a long period of time.
This shows you what the true data and results of the experiment are. Some naturalistic observations can last months or even years to complete. Want to learn how to become a professional blogger and never have to get a job? Go here to subscribe for free and download the episodes straight to your phone, tablet, or computer.
Important Facts About Naturalistic Observation The exact opposite of naturalistic observation is called analog observation. This is when all factors are manipulated by researchers.
The three steps of naturalistic observation are description, prediction, and explanation. This form of observation requires the most meticulous note taking and in depth researcher involvement. The real world data that is collected has ecological validity.
Meaning it the situations studies exist in the real world.5 Naturalistic Observation Strengths and Weaknesses Psychologists and other social scientists make use of the naturalistic observation research method to observe subjects in their natural environment.
Unstructured method of research, Naturalistic Observation is one of the three types and is used to collect data and observe subjects in their natural habitat. Social Chapter 1 and 2.
STUDY. PLAY. Social Psychology: the scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by other people. What are the weaknesses of Naturalistic Observation?-Low internal validity -determine the correlation of domestic violence tendencies and alcohol .
John wants to study the effects of alcohol on the behavior of college students. For his study, he spends five hours every night for 2 weeks at a bar near a college watching how the patrons act before and after drinking alcoholic beverages.
One of the weaknesses of this study would be that I would not know if the alcohol was the only variable to cause the violence. It could be that the violence causes the alcohol use.
It could be that the violence causes the alcohol use. Systematic observations were conducted by trained observers on 1, nights in bars/clubs. Observers documented a range of aggressive acts by 1, patrons in 1, incidents, with many forms of aggression occurring at more than one harm and intent level.